Bone cancer in children
Bone cancer is a small lump or a mass formed when normal cells of bones start to divide abnormally and their growth become uncontrolled. These may be of two types, benign tumor and malignant tumor. As far as children are concerned they are mostly diagnosed with benign tumors rather than malignant tumors which can spread from one part of body to the other so that is a fortunate thing because malignant tumors are more dangerous than benign tumor because of their metastasising nature.
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Different types of cancers are present in children but some of them are very common in paediatric patients. The Ewwing’s sarcoma is most common of all these cancers present in paediatric patients; it’s a primary bone cancer (Origin of cancer is in the bone itself). Other types of cancer which are common in children include Osteosarcoma (Sarcoma of bone), Ewwing’s sarcoma and Chondrosarcoma (Sarcoma of cartilage)
- Causes of bone cancer in children:
Exact causes of cancer in children are unknown but it is common in some regions of world like Africa. There are some factors that can greatly increase the chances of bone cancer in children which include High dosage of the radiation therapy while treating some other type of cancer can lead to the bone cancer in children.Osteosarcoma prevalence is increased in those children who have congenital (By birth) bone defects.Cancers can also be geneticbut chances of genetic bone cancers are very low. Risk of Osteosarcoma is increased in children who have metal implants in their bones for better healing of bones.
The main symptoms of bone cancers in children are pain and inflammation in the cancerous are and the persistence of these symptoms without any apparent injury or history of injury. A lump may be felt under the skin on palpation.
Bone cancer in children can be diagnosed by some tests and scans which include X-rays examinations, Magnetic Resonance imaging, computed tomography (CT) scans, PET scans and bone biopsy in which accuracy of x-rays examinations is comparatively low, accuracy of Magnetic resonance imaging and Computed Tomography scans is comparatively higher and accuracy of Bone tissue biopsy is highest because in this procedure affected tissue is directly observed under the microscope.
external links for paying members only treatment, that can be given to paediatric patient for bone cancer may include surgical procedures in which cancerous part is removed by the surgeon, Chemotherapy in which cancer is treated by some medications and the radiotherapy in which cancerous part of the bone is destroyed by the direct radiations.
- Survival rate in children:
Because these tumors spread very fast and may metastasise to other parts of the body, that’s why survival rate in children with bone cancers is relatively low because even if the surgeon is able to cut out the effected bone parts, there is a possibility of getting it back so regular medical check-ups and extra care should be taken that may e difficult in some cases.